Chios is the fifth largest of the Greek islands with a coastline of 213 kilometers and a population of 52.600, situated in the Aegean Sea, 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) off the Anatolian coast. The island is separated from Turkey by the Çeşme Strait. Chios is notable for its exports of mastic gum and its nickname is “The mastic island”. It is known as one of the most likely birthplaces of Homer, and also the ancient mathematicians Hippocrates and Enopides. Tourist attractions include its medieval villages and the 11th-century monastery of Nea Moni, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Also, it features unique landscapes, sandy beaches and picturesque fishing villages on the coast. Remarkable is the large expatriate community in London and New York.
Administratively, the island forms a separate municipality within the Chios regional
unit, which is part of the North Aegean region. The Regional Unit of Chios includes the islands of Chios, Psara, Antipsara and Oinousses. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Chios town. Locals refer to Chios town as “Chora” (“Χώρα” literally means land or country, but usually refers to the capital or a settlement at the highest point of a Greek island).
What to see